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Shivshankar Menon is an Indian diplomat, who served as National Security Adviser of India under Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh. He had previously served as the Foreign Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs. Prior to that he was Indian High Commissioner to Pakistan, and Sri Lanka and ambassador to China and Israel. He is currently Visiting Professor of International Relations at Ashoka University. A major milestone of his career was the Indo-US nuclear deal, for which he had worked hard to convince NSG member nations along with Shyam Saran to get a clean waiver for nuclear supplies to India. Author of "Choices: Inside the Making of India's Foreign Policy" and "India and Asian Geopolitics: The Past, Present"


I would describe the current situation as work in progress, obviously at a slower pace than desirable” - this statement by Indian Foreign Minister Dr. S Jaishankar after meeting with Chinese FM Wang Yi earlier this year encapsulates the #Sino-Indian relations.

60 years since the Sino-Indian conflict of 1962, the key areas of friction and disputes remain unresolved. What has changed though is #china ’s standing – she is seen no longer just as a regional hegemon but a global #superpower .

China’s meteoric #economic rise and soaring #military might has empowered her to adopt an increasingly confrontational #foreignpolicy . In recent years she has taken a much more aggressive attitude in defending its claims (over Japan, Korera, Phillipines), bullied International organizations and corporations into not recognizing #taiwan as a country, cavalierly dismissed western condemnation of its anti-democratic policies in #hongkong and gross violations of human rights in #xinjiang and #tibet . The border with India that had been peaceful for decades despite the disagreements has now become militarized.

All of this together is generally interpreted as China’s attempts to reshape the global order. Is China likely to succeed in its attempts and turn the 21st century into what many have already started calling as the “Chinese Century”? If yes, what is this China-dominated world likely to look like and would it allow enough room for India to thrive and pursue its strategic goals? On the other hand, if China fails on its own accord or is stifled by the western alliance, what would it mean for India to have an extremely powerful and disgruntled neighbour to its north that sees India as one its adversaries?


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