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Dr. Richard Alba is an American sociologist, who is a Distinguished Professor at the Graduate Center, CUNY.He is known for developing assimilation theory to fit the contemporary, multi-racial era of immigration, with studies in America, France, and Germany. Alba's text on assimilation theory (written with Victor Nee), Remaking the American Mainstream (2003) won the Thomas & Znaniecki Award of the American Sociological Association and the Eastern Sociological Society’s Mirra Komarovsky Award. It was the 36th most-cited work in sociology between 2008 and 2012. Author of "Ethnic Identity: The Transformation of White America" (1990), summarizes his thinking on the assimilation of the so-called white ethnics. His "Blurring the Color Line: The New Chance for a More Integrated America" (2009) applied these ideas to non-white Americans. His latest book is "The Great Demographic Illusion: Majority, Minority, and the Expanding American Mainstream".

Demographic change and assimilation in the early 21st century

United States -


While many conspiracy theories are short-lived, there are some that never seem to die, no matter how much contrary evidence is furnished. We have all heard of the holocaust deniers or those who consider climate change to be a hoax or those who insist that the moon landings were fake. Another such theory is that of the ‘Great Replacement’ ( that is centred around an elite conspiracy to replace the white population of America with non-whites. While the term itself may be new, the ideas behind this theory have persisted for a long time. In the highly influential book ‘The Passing of the Great Race’ published in 1916, Madison Grant had called whites as an “endangered species”.

The 2020 US Census report came as a confirmation for many adherents of this theory. It revealed that people who identify as “White alone” declined for the first time since the Census began in 1790. Yet more disturbingly for them, majority of Americans under 18 are now people of colour.

Anxieties about the future of the white race are expressed repeatedly by demagogic politicians and popular talkshow hosts, and are further amplified by social media. The Great Replacement Theory has been linked to several mass shootings over the last decade.

We at Argumentative Indians would like to understand what drives this theory, what makes it so prevalent and why has it proved to be so resilient? And finally, is there any truth to it?


Find out about upcoming sessions and learn how you can join them live and become a part of the conversation -


We invite thought leaders from across the ideological spectrum. The guests in our sessions express their independent views and opinions. Argumentative Indians does not profess to subscribe, agree or endorse the same or be in anyway responsible for the stance, words and comments of our guests.

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